Polyethylene composite with an elastic coating has been described as ‘a superorganism’.
A team of researchers from China have now described the phenomenon as “a new type of structure”.
The new material was described as a polyethylenes’ super-organisms, with “flexible elastic properties and very high strength”.
They found that the material was able to resist high temperatures, and could also be “scattered” on the surface of a polymer structure, meaning that it would “act like a sponge” absorbing heat.
This ability to resist “heat-induced chemical changes” has important implications for materials used in high-tech applications, such as the “bathtub” used in heat-sensing cameras, the researchers said.
The researchers said the material could be useful in many applications, including energy-efficient composite materials, “tissue and bio-fabricators”, and “solar-energy-efficient materials”.
The team published their findings in Nature Materials.
The findings were based on a sample of polyethylens, a polyurethane used in many types of plastics, but they also found that polyethylen-4 can also be used to make other materials.
The polymer structure could also serve as an effective thermal conductor, the team said, and it could be used as an electrode material for heat-based sensors.
In the future, they added, researchers could develop materials with different elastic properties.
The new materials have been described in the journal Nature Materials and will now be tested in a variety of applications, the paper said.
“We found that this material has the same flexibility and strength as a traditional polypropylene but is much more flexible and strong,” Wang Yongqiang, a materials scientist at the University of Texas at Austin, told Nature.
“It is a unique super-alloy that is able to tolerate temperature variations as low as -80C.”
We’re not just seeing an advantage of this material, but the fact that it can also resist heat changes as low or even low as 20C is really exciting.” “
Polyethylene is the material that makes polyethylenediamine, the main ingredient in polystyrene, and that is a strong material, too.
We’re not just seeing an advantage of this material, but the fact that it can also resist heat changes as low or even low as 20C is really exciting.”
Polyethylenes were first synthesised in the 1930s, but it was not until the 1960s that the materials were widely adopted as a component in high quality products.
Polyethylenimine is the most widely used polyurea, a type of polymer used in plastics.
The material was first synthesized in the 1960’s by a team of scientists led by John D. Rice.
Polymerization is a process that converts a material to another material.
When polymers are heated, the material can break down, releasing the energy that is stored in the structure.
Heat can also affect how a material behaves, leading to defects or failure.
“As a consequence, we have learned that there are many different types of polymers, from the more flexible to the more rigid ones,” Rice told Nature in 2014.
“In particular, polypropyylene, polyethyl-coated polyethylynes, and polyethylethylene, the most common type, have different properties, which makes it very difficult to determine which is the one that is more suitable for a particular application.”